This paper is concerned with the shape invariants satisfied by the communication topology of π-term, and the automatic inference of these invariants. A π-term P is hierarchical if there is a finite forest T such that the communication topology of every term reachable from P satisfies a T-shaped invariant. We design a static analysis to prove a term hierarchical by means of a novel type system that enjoys decidable inference. The soundness proof of the type system employs a non-standard view of π-calculus reactions. The coverability problem for hierarchical terms is decidable. This is proved by showing that every hierarchical term is depth-bounded, an undecidable property known in the literature. We thus obtain an expressive static fragment of the π-calculus with decidable safety verification problems.